Located on the western bank of the Yamuna River, the city of Agra, founded in 1504 by Sultan Sikander Lodi, was besieged in 1526 by Babur the first Mughal Emperor. During the mid 16th and 17th centuries Agra, by now the Mughal capital, witnessed a remarkable spate of expansion and architectural development as each successive emperor tried to outdo the last. As a result, Akbar, Jehangir and Shah Jahan have all left behind an impressive legacy of Mughal masterpieces.  Most notable is The Taj Mahal, the worlds greatest monument to love.  Just outside of the city Fatehpur Sikri is an awe inspiring deserted palace city that is not to be missed.

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